KSB Special Edition - Citizens perceptions on new threats of violent extremism in Kosovo

Published by:

Kosovar Centre for Security Studies (KCSS)


KSB Special Edition - Citizens perceptions on new threats of violent extremism in Kosovo


Vese Kelmendi


12 February 2019

Kosovo Security Barometer report on violent extremism 2018 draws attention to the fact that Kosovo citizens still believe that returned foreign fighters are a security concern due to their war skills and their connections with terrorist groups. To understand the impact of the community in the rehabilitation efforts, it is crucial to know their perceptions about violent extremism (VE) since each community has their needs, similarities and differences. More than half of the respondents would not accept former fighters in their community. While, in 2017 respondents were overwhelmingly supportive for the prevention and rehabilitation programs by the Government of Kosovo to counter violent extremism, in 2018 48 percent of respondents, consider that Kosovo institutions should be more focused on prevention programs because the situation is the same and no changes are noticed in this regard.

This report consists of data analysis on perceptions regarding threat of violent extremism and trust towards stakeholders involved in prevention of this phenomena. It is divided in three main sessions: the first focuses on general perceptions about violent extremism and other forms of extremism  such as: ethnically motivated violence, political violence and religiously motivated violence; the second outlines the perceptions towards risks and threats of returned fighters, and community willingness to accept former fighters and women/minors; the last session focuses on the perceptions towards stakeholders involved in implementation of the CVE strategy.

This report is published in the framework of the Kosovo Security Barometer Programe.  Perceptions presented in this report are a summary of information gathered from respondents and it solely demonstrates how people perceive institutions. It is no way a conclusive assessment on the quality of the work of institutions subject to this study. It shall serve as an instrument to them toward addressing potential shortcomings, but also an indicator of the effectiveness of their communication with the people.

The views presented in this report are perceptions of the respondents and do not necessarily represent the views of Kosovar Centre for Security Studies. Opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily represent the views of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED).